Jargon Buster

CEThe CE mark against a product in this price list confirms that the product complies with a European Directive. Please note that the CEmark is applied to many products which are not Personal Protective Equipment (e.g. children’s toys). For most cases this is the PPEDirective (89 / 68 / EEC).
ENEuropean Norm (or standard). These norms replace the relevant national standards of member states of the European Community. ENs arereferred to when assessing whether a product may have the CE mark affixed.
prENA provisional, or preparatory, EN, yet to be finalised. Levels of revision are dated.
PPEPersonal Protective Equipment.
DynamicUsed to describe rope which is designed to absorb and dissipate the energy of shock loads from large falls (up to fall factor 2).
Low StretchUsed to describe ropes which are not designed to withstand falls greater than fall factor one. They do have some ability to absorb shockloads.
Fall FactorA figure indicating the relative severity of a fall. It is obtained by dividing the total length of the fall by the length of rope holding the fall.
kNkilonewtons. A thousand Newtons (see below).
NNewton. This is the international unit of force. 9.81 N is the force required to suspend a mass of 1 kg under the force of gravity. It iscommonly approximated to 10 N. (In common parlance 1 kg = 10 N).
BLBreaking load. See MBL
MBLMinimum Breaking Load. The minimum load at which an item of equipment can fail when it is new.
WLLWorking Load Limit. The maximum load (as determined by the manufacturer) that an item of equipment is designed to raise, lower orsuspend.
SWLSafe Working Load. The maximum load (as certified by a competent person) which an item of equipment may raise, lower or suspend underparticular service conditions. The SWL can be lower than the WLL, or greater than it.
FOSFactor of safety. The relationship between the MBL is divided by a factor to arrive at the SWL or WLL. This provides a “safety buffer”betweeen safe use and failure. The FOS is expressed as a ratio, e.g. 10 : 1.
PLProof load. A predetermined load, generally a multiple of the service load, to which a specimen or structure is subjected before acceptance.
MEWPMobile elevating work platform
LOLER*Lifting Operations and Lifting Equipment Regulations 1998.
PUWER*Provision and Use of Work Equipment Regulations 1998.
WAHR*Work at Height Regulations 2005.
* UK Legislation

Work equipment standardsBS ENPPE against falls from a height: Descender devices
BS EN 353-1PPE against falls from a height: Guided type fall arrestors. Part 1. Specification for guidedtype fall arrestors on a rigid anchorage line.
BS EN 353-2PPE against falls from a height: Guided type fall arrestors. Part 2. Specification for guidedtype fall arrestors on a flexible anchorage line.
BS EN 354PPE against falls from a height: Lanyards
BS EN 355PPE against falls from a height: Energy absorbers
BS EN 358PPE against falls from a height: Work positioning systems
BS EN 360PPE against falls from a height: Retractable type fall arrestors
BS EN 361PPE against falls from a height: Full body harness
BS EN 362PPE against falls from a height: Connectors
BS EN 363PPE against falls from a height: Fall arrest systems
BS EN 364PPE against falls from a height: Test methods
BS EN 365PPE against falls from a height: General requirements for instructions for use,maintenance, periodic examination, repair, marking and packaging
BS EN 813PPE against falls from a height: Sit harness
BS EN 1891PPE against falls from a height: Low stretch kernmantle rope
BS EN1909Safety requirements for cableway installations designed to carry persons: Recovery andevacuation
BS EN 12841Personal fall protection equipment. Rope access systems. Rope adjustment devices.
General requirements for instructionsBS EN 1868PPE against falls from a height: List of equivalent terms
Mountaineering & climbing equipmentstandardsBS EN 564Mountaineering equipment – Accessory cord - Safety requirements and test methods
BS EN 565Mountaineering equipment - Tape - Safety requirements and test methods
BS EN 566Mountaineering equipment - Slings - Safety requirements and test methods
BS EN 567Mountaineering equipment – Rope clamps - Safety requirements and test methods
BS EN 568Mountaineering equipment – Ice anchors - Safety requirements and test methods
BS EN 569Mountaineering equipment – Pitons - Safety requirements and test methods
BS EN 892Mountaineering equipment – Dynamic mountaineering ropes - Safety requirements andtest methods
BS EN 893Mountaineering equipment – Crampons - Safety requirements and test methods
BS EN 958Mountaineering equipment – Energy absorbing systems for use in klettersteig (viaferrata) climbing - Safety requirements and test methods
BS EN 959Mountaineering equipment – Rock anchors - Safety requirements and test methods
BS EN 12270Mountaineering equipment – Chocks - Safety requirements and test methods
BS EN 12275Mountaineering equipment – Connectors - Safety requirements and test methods
BS EN 12276Mountaineering equipment – Frictional anchors - Safety requirements and test methods
BS EN 12277Mountaineering equipment – Harnesses - Safety requirements and test methods
BS EN 12278Mountaineering equipment – Pulleys - Safety requirements and test methods
BS EN12492Mountaineering equipment – Helmets for mountaineers - Safety requirements and testmethods
BS EN 13089Mountaineering equipment – Ice tools - Safety requirements and test methods
General StandardsBS EN 7883Code of practice for the design, selection, installation, use and maintenance of anchordevices conformity to BS EN795
BS EN 8437Code of practice for selection, use and maintenance of personal fall protection systemsand equipment for use in the work place
BS EN 8454Code of practice for the delivery of training and education for work at height andrescue
BS EN 397Specification for industrial safety helmets
BS EN 696Fibre ropes for general service - Polyamide
BS EN 701Fibre ropes for general service – General specification
BS EN 795Protection against falls from a height – Anchor devices – Requirements and testing
BS EN ISO/IEC 17050-1Conformity assessment - Supplier’s declaration of conformity - Part 1: Generalrequirements
Rescue StandardsBS EN 1496Personal fall protection equipment - Rescue lifting devices
BS EN 1497Rescue equipment – Rescue harnesses
BS EN 1498Personal fall protection equipment - Rescue loops
Rope AccessBS EN 7985Code of practice for the use of rope access methods for industrial purposes